Baybayin [/baɪbaˈjɪn/] means "to write" or "to spell" in Tagalog. It is a Philippine script derived from Brahmic script of India. It was used widely to write Tagalog language prior and during the 16th and 17th centuries before the adoption of Latin alphabet.

Learning the basics of Baybayin is easy especially if you understand Tagalog or Filipino language. The modern Baybayin alphabet consists of 18 characters. Let's start with vowels.

Baybayin Vowels

There are 3 independent vowels and 2 dependent vowels. They are:

Independent Vowels Using Baybayin Alphabet:

[a]
[i]
[u]

Dependent Vowels Using Baybayin Alphabet:

◌ᜒ
[i]
◌ᜓᜒ
[u]

Baybayin Consonants

The consonants are pronounced with a vowel "a" following it. They are as below:

Consonants Using Baybayin Alphabet:

[ka]
[ga]
[nga]
[ta]
[da]
[na]
[pa]
[ba]
[ma]
[ya]
[la]
[wa]
[sa]
[ha]


Baybayin Numerals

0
[zero]
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
.

Interesting Facts about Baybayin Language

  • Baybayin scripts predate the birth of Christ.
  • Baybayin has been the inspiration for a dance, called Sayaw Baybayin (Sabai), and a form of local martial art.
  • The Baybayin script originated from the taklobo or giant clam.

Baybayin at a glance

Pronunciation: [baɪbaˈjɪn]
Script type: Abugida
Time Period: 13th Century (or older), 18th century (revived in modern times)
Languages: Tagalog, Sambali, LLocano, Kapampangan, Bikolano, Pangasinense, Bisayan languages

A Complete Baybayin Alphabet Chart

Below is a list of complete Baybayin Alphabets Chart

Independent Vowels Using Baybayin Alphabet:

[a]
[i]
[u]

Dependent Vowels Using Baybayin Alphabet:

◌ᜒ
[i]
◌ᜓᜒ
[u]

Consonants Using Baybayin Alphabet:

[ka]
[ga]
[nga]
[ta]
[da]
[na]
[pa]
[ba]
[ma]
[ya]
[la]
[wa]
[sa]
[ha]

Digit:

0
[zero]
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
.

Special Characters:

/
//
.

Filipino alphabet chart with Filipino Vowels, Filipino Consonants & Filipino Numerals
Tagalog alphabet chart with Tagalog Vowels, Tagalog Consonants & Tagalog Numerals
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